Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
90% of AMD is the ‘dry’ form (no swelling or bleeding). The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) showed that anti-oxidant supplements can slow the progression of AMD; be sure to ask your optometrist if you are a candidate for this treatment.
10% of AMD is ‘wet’, involving new blood vessel growth and bleeding. Until recently, the only treatment was laser energy to ‘spot weld’ leaky vessels. New treatments use ‘cool’ laser energy and medications to stop blood vessel growth, and may offer the potential to regain vision already lost.
As always, the best results are obtained with early diagnosis, making regular comprehensive exams critical for anyone at risk of AMD.